Low Testosterone: potential risks

Low Testosterone

In recent years the diagnosis “low testosterone” has become increasingly common. Why “Low-T” is such a big problem for men? First of all, because lack of this hormone causes erectile dysfunction.

Symptoms and physical changes

It’s possible to recognize the features that testify about low level of testosterone without visiting a doctor. They are the following:

  • weight gain and extra body fat;
  • decreased muscles mass;
  • less amount of body hair than it used to be;
  • swelling breast tissue;
  • fatigue and low energy level;
  • random hot flashes;
  • insomnia.

There are also other signs that can happen. For example, reduces orgasms, depressions, memory reduction and others.

But to know for sure that the things above are connected with hormonal state it’s recommended to make an appointment with a physician and have a blood test. The point is these symptoms can also be side effects of aging or using alcohol and medications.

Role of testosterone for men’s health

Testosterone is a natural steroid hormone which helps maintain important body functions:

  • sex drive and durability;
  • normal sperm production;
  • muscle mass;
  • bone density;
  • red blood cell production.

So it’s largely responsible for the maintenance of basic male sex characteristics.  The hormone is produced in the adrenal glands. Normal level of testosterone is about 300-1000 ng/dL. In men the hormone is mainly produced in testicles. If the level of testosterone falls below a normal range men can experience a bunch of unpleasant symptoms. Among them are significant emotional and physical changes.

Sexual Function

The biggest worry of men with low testosterone is a possibility of their sexual performance being affected. And there are some reasons to be worried because hormone imbalance leads to reducing of sex desire. It’s connected with certain erection problems when they can happen spontaneously.

Testosterone plays a crucial role in stimulating sex drive and achieving an erection. The hormone stimulates receptors in the brain which give the signal for nitric oxide production.

Complications of low-T

Complications related to the condition can vary from person to person. The most common problem is a state of depression, stress, penile erectile dysfunction. In addition fertility is reduced to a certain amount. Recent researches also suggest a link of low-T with heart diseases.

Treatment

A person should start seeking medical help when feeling some of the symptoms typical for the diagnosis.

The level of testosterone can be brought in norm. Whether you should receive therapy and what kind of form, decides the physician. There are several possible ways to have a treatment.

  1. Gels. They are applied to the skin and absorbed through it.
  2. Transdermal (skin mouth patches). It’s an easy and convenient way which requires applications once or twice daily.
  3. Injections.
  4. Pellets. They are implanted into tissues and release testosterone.

Specialists don’t recommend taking pills though this form of treatment is possible. The problem is that oral taking hormonal pills can lead to destroying the liver. The other named methods go directly into the blood stream bypassing the liver. Usually doctors advise to use natural ways to boost the hormone decrease such as losing weight and doing resistance exercises.

And remember that high testosterone makes you feel younger, stronger and more vigorous.